FICO - Your Credit Score
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Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number. The FICO score is built by credit agencies. They use the payment history of all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans et cetera.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company. While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in building your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for just a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is one number. Credit scores range from 300 to 850. Higher scores are better. Most people getting a mortgage in the current environment score 620 or above.
FICO makes a huge difference in interest rates
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the FICO score is based on your lifelong credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
In order to improve your FICO score, you've got to have the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us at: Broward: 954.539.2000 | Dade: 305.387.0345.